IAEA and Japan Atomic Energy Agency team up to strengthen nuclear security
The IAEA and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have agreed to work together to help countries build their technical capacities in decommissioning, radioactive waste management and nuclear security.
The agreement, valid until 2025, designates the JAEA as a collaborating center of the IAEA, while formalizing and expanding cooperation between the IAEA and the JAEA.
“As an increasing number of states turn to nuclear power, decommissioning and waste management as well as nuclear safety are two essential elements for its sustainable use,” said Toshio Kodama, President of the JAEA. “The JAEA is determined to work with the IAEA in this program in order to contribute to the international community in these two important areas. is now part of this exclusive group of institutions, ”said Mikhail Chudakov, IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Nuclear Energy. “Radiological characterization is very important in the decommissioning process, so I am happy to see that Member States can benefit from Japan’s vast experience through various R&D projects and training programs. “
The IAEA anticipates an increase in work in the coming decades on decommissioning and associated waste management programs. Many of the 443 nuclear reactors currently in service around the world will be phased out of service, while new reactors to be put into service will need plans to finance their decommissioning. A total of 197 power reactors were shut down for decommissioning, of which 17 were fully decommissioned. In addition, 130 fuel cycle facilities were decommissioned as well as around 440 research reactors.
In collaboration with the IAEA, the JAEA plans to improve the capacities of member states in the decommissioning of nuclear installations by developing a computing system, procedures and a data library to assess the radioactive inventory. This will help promote safe and cost effective decommissioning of reactor facilities.
The JAEA is the IAEA’s fifth collaborating center in the field of decommissioning, with specific experience in decommissioning and other activities related to the last stage of the life cycle of a nuclear installation. Others include Societa ‘Gestione Impianti Nucleari (SOGIN) in Italy, the Institute of Energy Technologies (IFE) in Norway, Electricité de France (EDF) and the Slovak Nuclear and Decommissioning Company (JAVYS). Nuclear Security With this agreement, the JAEA becomes the IAEA’s 8th Collaborating Center in the field of nuclear security, confirming the long-standing partnership with Japan in this specific field.
“This collaborating center will strengthen Japan’s contribution to the IAEA nuclear security program, in particular in human capacity building as well as in research and development activities through IAEA coordinated research projects”, said Lydie Evrard, IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Nuclear Energy. Safety and Security, adding that “it will also provide an important platform to support the IAEA’s efforts to strengthen nuclear security in the region.”
The JAEA, through the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Security (ISCN), served as a regional training center to help Asian countries build and strengthen their safeguards and security capacities. nuclear security. ISCN, as Asia’s premier center of excellence (COE) in nuclear non-proliferation and security, provides capacity building assistance through a variety of training courses and seminars throughout by strengthening cooperation with the organizations competent in these fields.
Within the framework of the IAEA-JAEA agreement, the following areas of cooperation are included: strengthening the security of nuclear materials and associated facilities; nuclear security in the transport of nuclear and other radioactive materials; institutional response infrastructure for material not controlled by regulation; education and training programs for human resource development; and nuclear security detection architecture.
The existing network of collaborating centers helps the IAEA implement its nuclear security plan. Recently, a platform was created on the NUSEC portal for all collaborating centers in the field of nuclear security in order to facilitate the sharing of information and the development of synergies.