USE OF FORCE | East Hempfield Township Police Department
USE OF FORCE
In the performance of their duties, police officers are sometimes faced with situations where, in order to protect public safety, control must be exercised to make arrests, overcome active physical resistance and neutralize attacks. Control can be achieved through verbal discussion, persuasion and warnings, or through the use of physical force. Obviously, there are varying degrees of strength that can be justified, depending on the dynamics of the situation. In order to provide East Hempfield Township Police Department officers with a clear understanding of their performance expectations while carrying out any use of force, a policy has been established. Our policy also details ministry-authorized weapons, training in their use, and reporting requirements when use of force is asserted.
The East Hempfield Township Police Department meets or exceeds Pennsylvania and federal government requirements and recommendations for policies on the use of force by police officers. Justice. This certification confirms that the agency maintains use of force policies in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local laws. In addition, the agency maintains use of force policies that prohibit the use of choke holds except in situations where the use of lethal force is permitted by law. The following police safety principles are incorporated into our policies and procedures:
Use of force and de-escalation techniques
Cessation of the use of force
The agency maintains use of force policies and procedures that specify when force against individuals who fail to comply with legal orders must end, including the following requirement: when it is objectively reasonable that a subject is entirely under the control of law enforcement, then the force must cease.
Obligation to intervene
The agency maintains policies and procedures that include the duty and obligation to intervene to prevent or stop the known and apparent use of excessive force by another officer when it is objectively reasonable to do so.
Use of force and de-escalation training protocols
The agency maintains training protocols that meet or exceed applicable state laws to become and remain in good standing as law enforcement officers. Agency training protocols include instructions on agency use of force policies and procedures, de-escalation techniques, and related legal updates.
Appropriate medical care
The agency maintains policies and procedures that address when it is appropriate for an officer to provide medical care consistent with their training to any person. Medical care may include providing basic first aid, requesting emergency medical services, and / or arranging transport to a medical facility.
Warn before firing
The agency maintains use of force policies and procedures that encourage staff, if circumstances permit and when reasonably possible, to identify themselves as law enforcement officers and to verbally warn of their intention to use lethal force.
Shooting at or from a moving vehicle
The agency maintains use of force policies and procedures regarding firing at or from a moving vehicle.
The agency maintains policies and procedures regarding warning shots.
The agency maintains policies and procedures regarding the use and enforcement of no-strike warrants.
Performance management tools
Early intervention systems
The agency regularly performs internal audits of its training policies, procedures and protocols, as well as agent safety and well-being programs or initiatives. Where resources permit, the agency maintains human resource policies and procedures that contribute to human capital development, protect due process for officers, and encourage the identification and assistance of staff responsible for the job. law enforcement that risks or may become likely to violate use of force or other agency policies or procedures.
Hiring of staff
The agency maintains policies, procedures and training protocols to hire and promote only employees, or others (such as independent contractors), who are the best available candidates for a position according to accepted standards of objectivity and of merit.
The agency implements community engagement plans that meet the specific needs of the community served.
The department also adheres to all use of force standards set out by the Pennsylvania Law Enforcement Accreditation Commission. The agency’s policies and procedures clearly define the policy on the use of force, including lethal force, which complies with the provisions of Chapter 5 of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code (18 Pa. CSA§ 501, et seq.) , decisions of state and federal courts, and other legal provisions.
Section 508, subsection (a) of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code (18 Pa.CSA), provides for the lawful and justified use of lethal force by a “peace officer”. The use of force and lethal force may also be justified under the provisions of section 505, “Use of force for self-protection” and section 506, “Use of force for the protection of others. Of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code. (04/14) The agency has a clearly defined and easy to understand policy, which complies with the law, regarding the use of lethal force by its law enforcement officers.
See attached Use of Force Policy.